An English judge officially declared the bagpipes a weapon of war when he presided at the trial of a Jacobite piper at York in 1746. The piper, James Reid, argued at his trial that he was only a musician and had never raised a hand against Government soldiers. The jury recommended mercy but the judge, Lord Chief Baron Parker, sentenced Reid to death. The judge explained to the jurors “No regiment ever marched without music such as drums, trumpets and the like; and a Highland regiment never marched without a piper, and therefore his bagpipe, in the eyes of the law, is an instrument of war”. 

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